World Hypertension Day: Keep your Blood Pressure Under Check Regularly.
On the occasion of ‘World Hypertension Day’, do yourself a favor and keep it in mind that high blood pressure is a condition that becomes alarming/fatal when a person is getting older and approaching 40’s. So Keep your Blood Pressure Under Check Regularly.
Over one billion people worldwide are suffering from hypertension and in 2025 it is estimated to increase by 60% to 1.56 billion. It kills 8 million people every year and is a major risk factor for heart disease, diabetes, fetal and maternal death in pregnancy, dementia and kidney failure.
Changes in lifestyle in urban cities are observed in the last few years – such as sedentary work profiles, unhealthy eating habits, increased consumption of alcohol and cigarette and increasing stress levels – are main causes of hypertension.
Dr. JD Mukherji, senior director, Neurology, Max Super Specialty Hospital, Saket, says, “What is more disturbing is that most people are not aware of their hypertensive condition and its adverse impact on their health, in the long term.” Therefore it is important to spread awareness about this situation.
Hypertension is a state where blood pressure exceeds the limit of unhealthy levels, which is like diabetes or any kind of lifestyle disorder, affects various organs within the human body. When high blood pressure is not monitored or treated, it can cause a stroke, heart attack, kidney damage, memory problems and more.
It’s a lesser known fact that stroke is one of the main causes of death and can also lead to long-term disability. Generally, people with stroke have a history of high blood pressure. Therefore, it is important for patients with high blood pressure to monitor their BP regularly.
Hypertension is often considered a silent killer. It can damage to one’s body for years before the consequences become evident. It has a tendency to run in families. According to recent studies, it is more likely affect men than women.
However, the important thing is that hypertension is a manageable situation and can be kept in check with simple lifestyle modification and minor medical intervention.
World Hypertension Day: Keep your Blood Pressure Under Check Regularly
Dr. J.D. Mukherjee has shown a list of problems that can cause hypertension if it is untreated.
✪ Heart problems: High blood pressure makes your heart work too hard. The increased pressure on blood vessels causes your heart muscles to be pumped more frequently with more power compared to a healthy heart. It can cause heart attack and chest pain.
✪ Kidney problems: When blood vessels are damaged, nephron that filter blood does not get the necessary oxygen and nutrients. This is the reason why high blood pressure is another major cause of kidney failure. In addition, it can also cause chronic kidney disease and acute kidney failure.
✪ Eyes problems: Due to high blood pressure, the vessels supplying blood to one’s retina, can damage and cause retinopathy. This condition can cause bleeding in the eyes, blurring vision and complete loss of vision. Besides, if you have both diabetes and high blood pressure, then you are at greater risk of being suffering from retinopathy. It can also cause high blood secretion retinopathy and acute blindness.
✪ Ear problems: People with hypertension may suffer from hearing loss as a result of their medical condition.
As a condition, hypertension is affected by bad lifestyles such as excessive consumption of alcohol, smoking, junk food etc. It is important for people to understand that their lifestyle needs some changes to keep their blood pressure under control.
In some cases, basic improvements in diet and lifestyle, such as reducing consumption of salt and alcohol, maintaining a healthy weight, increasing physical activity, incorporating DASH diet (consumption of fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products), reducing/quitting smoking, etc., may be enough to control blood pressure.
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